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What Is Interior Design and How It Can Improve Your Well-being

CEO Khai Intela
If you've ever wondered why certain spaces make you feel calm, comfortable, and at ease, while others don't, the answer lies in interior design. Interior design is more than just decoration; it's an art that...

What Is Interior Design (And Why Can It Really Make You Feel Better)? - More Images

If you've ever wondered why certain spaces make you feel calm, comfortable, and at ease, while others don't, the answer lies in interior design. Interior design is more than just decoration; it's an art that has a profound impact on our well-being and overall quality of life.

In today's fast-paced world, we spend a significant amount of time indoors. Be it our homes, offices, or public spaces, the design of these environments greatly affects our physical and mental health. The ongoing Covid-19 pandemic has further emphasized the importance of well-designed indoor spaces for our overall well-being and disease prevention.

Interior designers play a crucial role in creating spaces that are not only aesthetically appealing but also functionally effective and healthy. They meticulously plan, research, coordinate, and manage projects to ensure that the indoor environment promotes well-being and meets the needs of its users.

Understanding Interior Design: More Than Meets the Eye

Eames House / Charles e Ray Eames. Image Courtesy of Archilogic Interior design is often misunderstood as mere decoration, but it encompasses much more. While the choice of colors, finishes, and coverings is an important aspect, it is not the sole focus.

To create functional and visually pleasing spaces, interior designers must understand user behaviors and desires. They consider factors like movement, organization, comfort, and ergonomics. The layout of a space, achieved through the arrangement of furniture and objects, is a crucial starting point. Walls, furniture, and even objects themselves can divide and define spaces.

Comfort conditions, such as temperature, lighting, and acoustics, are also key considerations. Ergonomics, which involves the design of furniture and objects to suit human anatomy and physiology, ensures optimal comfort and usability.

Lastly, the choice of materials and coatings gives the finishing touch to a well-designed space. These selections must consider not just aesthetics but also factors like origin, durability, recyclability, and impact on indoor air quality.

Key Considerations in Interior Design

Layout: Creating Functional Spaces

What Is Interior Design (And Why Can It Really Make You Feel Better)?

The layout of a space is crucial for its proper functioning. Interior designers strategically position equipment, furniture, and objects to organize the flow, create designated areas, and establish spatial hierarchies. By manipulating the layout, designers can optimize the use of open architectural plans and challenge conventional hierarchical designs.

Considerations such as accessibility, fire escape routes, and minimum room dimensions are essential. While there are industry standards for dimensions, the needs of the space and its users must be prioritized. Micro-apartments and tiny houses are emerging trends that defy traditional standards, offering creative and efficient space solutions.

Furniture: Enhancing Functionality

Furniture, whether fixed or mobile, significantly impacts the quality of an interior space. Interior designers carefully select furniture that not only fits the aesthetic but also ensures smooth circulation within the space.

In compact spaces, where efficient utilization of every square centimeter is vital, designers often opt for custom-made furniture. Flexible and multi-functional pieces, like stackable benches or collapsible tables, are gaining popularity. These innovative designs maximize space usage while maintaining usability.

Plants, though not considered furniture, are important elements in interior design. They contribute to better indoor air quality by purifying the air and absorbing common chemicals found indoors. A general rule of thumb is to have a medium-sized plant for every 10m² of space.

Comfort & Ergonomics: Prioritizing Well-being

The Enchanted Shed & Leopold House / Franz&Sue. Image © Andreas Buchberger

Creating comfortable and safe interior spaces is paramount for our physical and mental well-being. Factors like visual aesthetics, aroma, temperature, and accessibility contribute to the overall comfort experienced in a space. Proper acoustic treatment and ventilation are also crucial for a healthy indoor environment.

Ergonomics, the study of adapting the environment to human physiology and psychology, plays a vital role in interior design. Designers consider the diverse dimensions and proportions of the human body to create spaces that accommodate users of different shapes and sizes. This holistic approach ensures that the design is inclusive and caters to the needs of all.

Materials & Coatings: Balancing Functionality and Sustainability

Choosing the right materials and coatings is a multifaceted task. It involves considering factors such as the purpose of the space, substance of the material, installation systems, and surface layers. The materials must align with the function of the space and the diversity of its users.

Apart from aesthetics and function, the environmental impact of materials is also important. Evaluating factors like origin, durability, recyclability, and hygienic properties ensures the long-term comfort and sustainability of the designed space.

Urban Cabin / Francesca Perani Enterprise

Understanding the physiological, anatomical, and psychological dimensions of human beings is crucial in achieving exceptional comfort and design. Each individual has unique movement patterns and preferences, lighting and temperature requirements. Designers must observe and analyze these factors to create spaces that promote well-being.

Interior design is an art and science that shapes the spaces we inhabit. By incorporating aesthetic appeal, functionality, and sustainability, designers can create environments that enhance our well-being and bring joy to our everyday lives.

Please note: For more information and tips on designing healthy spaces, check out ArchDaily's coverage related to COVID-19, productivity when working from home, and technical recommendations for healthy design. Stay updated with the latest advice and information on COVID-19 from the World Health Organization (WHO) website.