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How to Buy Farmland: A Comprehensive Guide for Aspiring Farmers

CEO Khai Intela
Do you dream of owning a farm but think it's out of reach? Think again! Buying farmland may seem daunting, but with the right approach and knowledge, it can become a reality. In this article,...

Do you dream of owning a farm but think it's out of reach? Think again! Buying farmland may seem daunting, but with the right approach and knowledge, it can become a reality. In this article, we will explore the essential steps you need to take to make your farming dreams come true. So let's dive in!

Where to Start Looking for Land

Before you embark on your journey to find the perfect farm, it's crucial to do your homework. Start by considering the type of farming you want to pursue and the neighborhood you desire. Research the land and area to ensure they align with your farming goals. Don't be afraid to think outside the box and explore different options and timetables for acquiring land.

If you plan to rely on off-farm income, it's wise to secure a job in the area before purchasing land. This approach ensures that you have a stable income source while you establish your farming enterprise. Additionally, identify potential customers for your farm products, such as farmers markets or community supported agriculture programs, and choose a location that provides easy access to these markets.

Creating a Farm Marketing Plan

A well-developed marketing plan is vital for the success of any farm business. There are excellent resources available to help you craft an effective strategy. "Growing for Market," a trade publication for local food producers, offers valuable insights both in print and online. Another recommended resource is the book "Market Farming Success" by Lynn Byczynski. Additionally, the National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service (NSAIS) provides a wealth of information on various farming enterprises and marketing options. Take advantage of these resources to gain a thorough understanding of your target market and how to sell your products.

To ensure your farming enterprise thrives, consider the availability of necessary support services such as veterinarians or organic feed suppliers in your potential farming area. Connect with other farmers in the area, seek advice, and learn from their experiences. Furthermore, consult the local Yellow Pages or search online to identify essential support services for your farm.

Evaluating Farmland

Now that you have narrowed down your search area, it's time to evaluate potential farmland listings. While online listings are a great starting point, remember that not all properties are advertised online. Contact local realtors and engage with the farming community to uncover hidden gems. When visiting properties, ask critical questions and assess the following factors:


Clean and sufficient water supply is vital for any farm. Check the water quality and ensure it meets the necessary standards. Visit your state's Department of Health or Department of Natural Resources website for information on water quality and regulations. You can also consult the Environmental Protection Agency's drinking water website for valuable resources. If the property relies on a well, obtain the well driller's report to assess its capacity and suitability for your farm's water needs. It's essential to have a reliable water source to ensure your farming endeavors thrive.


The quality of the soil on your potential farmland is a crucial factor to consider. The USDA and Natural Resources Conservation Service provide a National Cooperative Soil Survey that offers valuable information about soil types. Take advantage of this resource to understand the depth, drainage, and suitability of the soil for your desired crops. Additionally, consider conducting a soil test to identify any major deficiencies and consult with a soil fertility specialist for guidance on soil improvement.

Buildings, Utilities, Support Services

Inspect the farm's buildings, fences, and utilities to ensure they are in good working condition. If you lack expertise in these areas, consider seeking a professional inspection to assess the property thoroughly. Be vigilant and understand the cost and effort required for potential infrastructure improvements. Additionally, research the availability of essential support services in the area, such as veterinarians and feed suppliers, to support your farming operations effectively.


Before making a purchase, thoroughly investigate the neighborhood surrounding the farm. Spend time in the area, subscribe to local newspapers, and engage with the community to gain insights. Conducting a virtual flyover using tools like Google Earth can also reveal hidden factors such as mining operations or landfills that may impact your farming experience. Visit county offices or websites to gather information on land use ordinances and potential land development. It's essential to be aware of any changes that may affect your farming plans.

How to Buy Farmland

Now that you've found your ideal farmland, it's time to explore financing options to make your purchase a reality. There are four traditional options worth considering: borrowing from relatives, finding a landowner willing to self-finance through a "contract for deed," government programs, or approaching commercial lenders like banks. In some cases, it may require multiple lenders to structure a deal that suits your needs.

To increase your chances of securing financing, demonstrate that you are a reliable borrower. Research the requirements and expectations of lenders by referring to resources such as the Land Stewardship Project's publication "Getting a Handle on the Barriers to Financing Sustainable Agriculture." The National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service (NSAIS) also offers guidance on financing options for beginning farmers.

Government programs can be instrumental in assisting new farmers with land acquisition. Explore grant and loan programs administered through agencies such as the Farm Credit Administration, the Farm Service Agency, and USDA Rural Development.

If you find yourself with limited resources and experience, there are alternative paths to consider. Explore farm internship opportunities listed on the NSAIS website or through regional and state sustainable agriculture organizations. Enrolling in sustainable farming classes that cover both practical and business aspects can also provide valuable knowledge. Additionally, consider exploring foreclosed properties or leasing/renting land as alternative options.

Remember, persistence is key. Don't be discouraged if your search takes time. Keep exploring different avenues and never give up. The perfect farm is waiting for you!

Rural Property Listing Resources

When searching for rural properties, consider the following resources:

  • Rural Property Lands Connector
  • United Country Real Estate
  • Rural Property Finder

In conclusion, buying farmland is an achievable goal if you approach it with careful planning and research. By following these steps, you'll be well on your way to realizing your farming dreams. Good luck on your journey to becoming a successful farmer!

Farm Image Image Caption: A picturesque farm, the epitome of rural living