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How to Determine the Value of Your Commercial Real Estate Property

CEO Khai Intela
If you're in the market to buy or sell commercial real estate, accurately determining the value of the property is crucial. The value of a commercial property is defined as the highest price it could...

commercial real estate value

If you're in the market to buy or sell commercial real estate, accurately determining the value of the property is crucial. The value of a commercial property is defined as the highest price it could reasonably earn in an active, open, and competitive market when approached fairly and knowledgeably by both the buyer and the seller. To appraise a commercial property, there are three main approaches commonly used. Let's explore each approach and understand how they can help calculate the value of your property.

The Income Approach

Also known as the Income Capitalization Approach, this method is the most widely used in commercial real estate transactions. The value of the property is derived by estimating its income using the capitalization rate (also known as the cap rate). The cap rate is calculated by dividing the property's net operating income by its current market value or sales price.

For example, let's assume a property has a gross potential income of $500,000. After subtracting a 10% vacancy factor of $50,000, the effective gross income is $450,000. Deducting the operating expenses of $150,000 results in a Net Operating Income (NOI) of $300,000. Dividing this by the cap rate of 8% gives a fair market value price of $3,750,000.

The Replacement Cost Approach

The Replacement Cost Approach is a more complex method of valuing commercial real estate properties. It takes into account the value of the land without the building and the costs that would be incurred to construct an identical building on the land. The final value is adjusted based on depreciation.

The Market Value Approach

The Market Value Approach, also known as the Sales Comparison Approach or the Comparable Approach, is arguably the simplest method to determine the value of a commercial property. This approach compares the property to similar properties in terms of use and size that have been sold or listed in the surrounding area. A range of value is established based on market research, and the number is adjusted according to the physical characteristics of the property being appraised.

Factors such as sale dates, age, condition, square footage, land to building ratio, location, and local tax policies are considered to determine the value. This method provides a baseline for negotiations in an open and fair market.


Choosing the Right Approach

The choice of approach depends on your specific situation and the availability of data. If it is challenging to determine cap rates and comparable selling prices due to the property's location, the Replacement Cost Approach may be most suitable. On the other hand, if you have access to the necessary data to determine the cap rate, the Income Approach can be sufficient. If your property experiences fluctuating vacancy rates, such as a multifamily building, the Market Value Approach using comparables might be the best option.

Seek Professional Assistance

Determining the value of a commercial real estate property can be complex. It is recommended to work with experienced professionals to avoid mistakes and pitfalls. At Stirling Properties, we have a team of commercial advisors with expertise in various aspects of commercial real estate, including retail, office, industrial, healthcare, and multifamily sectors. With offices throughout the Gulf South region, including Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and the Florida Panhandle, we are here to make your commercial real estate venture a success.

Don't hesitate to explore our extensive database of commercial properties and reach out to our expert team members today!

Remember, understanding the value of your commercial real estate property is crucial for successful transactions and investments.